Below you can read a blog post authored by K3Y and originally published at the RAINBOW website.
Interests and relations, regarding the three categories of stakeholders which analysed in the Blog Post entitled “RAINBOW Platform Stakeholder Analysis: The 3 Categories of Stakeholders”, were investigated further, in order to identify RAINBOW’s key stakeholders, in the Blog Post “RAINBOW Platform Stakeholder Analysis: RAINBOW’s key stakeholders“.
This analysis presents applications and markets that may benefit from RAINBOW outcomes:
Mobile Devices Applications and Gaming
The applications which fall into this category are specifically targeted at consumer’s mobile devices, such as smartphones, tablets or head-mounted devices. Mobile applications and gaming development are rapidly expanding and they are in a stage when they seek to provide an experience more immersive than ever before, by utilizing new devices such as headsets, smart glasses etc. and state of the art technologies such as Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR) . Although some of the aforementioned concepts are already in the market, their exploitation and the market acceptance are under consideration since there are not many devices which can support them, because they are really demanding in terms of processing and storage resources. These requirements have led to the emergence of new business and deployment models such as Gaming as a Service (GaaS) . GaaS is a concept that overcomes hardware
limitations through application modularization where a demanding functionality is migrated from the mobile device to a server, a concept that resembles the concept of Edge/fog technology. Edge/fog computing can take up the aforementioned challenges and thus it is expected to give a significant push to mobile applications and gaming industry.
The notion of infrastructure refers to infrastructure as basic services and facilities which the well-being of society depends on. Smart Grids , environmental monitoring , waste management , public safety and emergency response , smart transportation  and connected cars  are huge concepts that involve plenty of requirements such as real time processing, guaranteed QoS etc. Edge/fog seems an option which can take up the aforementioned challenges. As a result, it can be considered as a key technology in the deployment of concepts around smart cities  by facilitating information technology to augment critical infrastructures.
IoT Device Applications
Internet of Things (IoT) refers to objects that are connected and able to interact with each other and extend the Internet to the physical world . IoT is a tremendous concept which can potentially cover every aspect of the human’s daily activity. Out of all IoT applications, smart agriculture, smart building  plus livestock  and industrial IoT  are three applications that are already utilized for enhancing efficiency, productivity, and resource saving. The data volume produced by these applications and the latency requirements they may subtend in some cases, will be likely to be critical in terms of transfer and processing at central clouds  . Edge/fog computing can handle the delay sensitive tasks and some of the data volume in order to support such kind of applications.
They can be used to improve the wellbeing and capabilities of humans. Real time monitoring of human’s vital parameters  and precision medicine  are two types of the human-centric application that are already in the market and fall into the category of the connected health concept. Connected health is a sociotechnical model for healthcare management and delivery by using technology to provide healthcare services remotely which aims to maximize healthcare resources and provide increased, flexible opportunities for individuals to engage with clinicians and better self-manage their care . Moreover, it brings together multidisciplinary technologies to provide preventive or remote treatments by utilizing digital heath information structure while at the same time connecting patients and caregivers seamlessly in the loop of the healthcare ecosystem. Privacy and data security are critical concerns in such kind of applications due to the intimate nature of the data. Today’s cloud-based services fail to take up these requirements  which implies the need for new technologies such as edge/fog which can deal with issues such as data integrity, authenticity, and confidentiality.
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